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At what voltage are AA batteries dead?

AA batteries are considered "dead" or depleted when their voltage drops below a certain threshold. However, it's important to note that the specific voltage at which an AA battery is considered dead can vary depending on several factors, including the type of battery, the discharge rate, and the device's requirements.

AA batteries are typically available in two main types: alkaline and rechargeable (such as NiMH or lithium-ion). Let's discuss the voltage thresholds for each type:

1. Alkaline Batteries: Alkaline AA batteries are commonly used in various devices. When fresh, an alkaline AA battery typically has a voltage of around 1.5 volts. As the battery is discharged and used, the voltage gradually decreases. When the voltage drops to approximately 1.0-1.2 volts, the battery is considered to be reaching the end of its usable life, although some devices may still function with slightly lower voltages. It's generally recommended to replace alkaline batteries when their voltage falls below 1.0 volts to ensure optimal performance in most devices.
2. Rechargeable Batteries: Rechargeable AA batteries, such as NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride) or lithium-ion, have a slightly different voltage characteristic compared to alkaline batteries. When fully charged, these batteries typically provide a voltage of around 1.2-1.3 volts. As they discharge, the voltage gradually decreases. Rechargeable batteries are designed to provide a more consistent voltage during their discharge cycle, so they may maintain a voltage of around 1.0-1.2 volts for a longer period before dropping off. However, it's still recommended to recharge or replace rechargeable AA batteries when their voltage drops below 1.0 volts to ensure optimal performance.
It's worth mentioning that different devices have different voltage requirements, and some devices may stop functioning properly before the battery voltage reaches the minimum threshold. Additionally, battery testers or multimeters can be used to measure the exact voltage of AA batteries, providing a more accurate indication of their remaining charge.

In summary, AA batteries are typically considered dead or depleted when their voltage drops below 1.0-1.2 volts for alkaline batteries and below 1.0 volts for rechargeable batteries. However, it's important to consider the specific requirements of the device and monitor performance to determine when it's appropriate to replace or recharge the batteries.
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