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How many amps does a 50 gallon water heater draw?

The electrical amperage (amps) drawn by a 50-gallon water heater depends on several factors, including the voltage rating and the wattage of the unit. To provide a general answer, I will assume a common scenario in the United States where residential water heaters typically operate at 240 volts.

Water heaters are typically labeled with their wattage, which represents the power consumed by the unit. To calculate the amperage, we can use Ohm's Law, which states that amperage (I) is equal to power (P) divided by voltage (V):

I = P / V

Let's assume a common wattage range for a 50-gallon electric water heater, which is around 4,500 to 5,500 watts. Taking the middle point of this range, we'll use 5,000 watts as an example.
Using the formula above, we can calculate the amperage drawn by the water heater:

I = 5,000 watts / 240 volts
I ≈ 20.83 amps

Therefore, a 50-gallon water heater with a wattage of 5,000 watts operating at 240 volts would draw approximately 20.83 amps of electrical current.

It's important to note that the actual amperage can vary depending on the specific model and its power consumption. Some water heaters may have lower wattage, which would result in lower amperage. Additionally, water heaters operating at different voltage ratings, such as 208 volts or 120 volts, would draw different amperages.

To accurately determine the amperage of a specific water heater, it is best to refer to the manufacturer's specifications or consult the unit's documentation. These resources should provide precise wattage and voltage ratings, allowing for an accurate calculation of the amperage drawn by the water heater.
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